Xin'e Oroqen Settlement, August 2017  A crowd gathers to watch the annual Fire Festival in Xin'e, Heilongjiang Province. 

Xin'e Oroqen Settlement, August 2017

A crowd gathers to watch the annual Fire Festival in Xin'e, Heilongjiang Province. 

Oroqen.jpg
 Xin'e Oroqen Settlement, August 2017   Performers plucked from the local youth wait to perform at the annual Fire Festival. Whilst Xin'e is designated an Oroqen settlement, the ethnic diversity of the region is reflected in the backgrounds of the performers, many of whom are Oroqen, Ewenki or Mongolian or have one parent from the Han majority population following increasing levels of intermarriage throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. 

Xin'e Oroqen Settlement, August 2017

Performers plucked from the local youth wait to perform at the annual Fire Festival. Whilst Xin'e is designated an Oroqen settlement, the ethnic diversity of the region is reflected in the backgrounds of the performers, many of whom are Oroqen, Ewenki or Mongolian or have one parent from the Han majority population following increasing levels of intermarriage throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. 

 "Sometimes I speak Oroqen with my son and my daughter. They understand, but can't speak it. They forgot the language, they go to school for knowledge."  Daqian, Tuohe, Inner Mongolia

"Sometimes I speak Oroqen with my son and my daughter. They understand, but can't speak it. They forgot the language, they go to school for knowledge."

Daqian, Tuohe, Inner Mongolia

 Xin'e Oroqen Settlement, August 2017   Oroqen youth and their friends from other ethnic groups – Mongolian, Han, Daur and Ewenki, eat together during a summer break. Life for these young people is dramatically different to that of the generations preceding them and many now attend universities across China or follow their parent into roles within local government. 

Xin'e Oroqen Settlement, August 2017 

Oroqen youth and their friends from other ethnic groups – Mongolian, Han, Daur and Ewenki, eat together during a summer break. Life for these young people is dramatically different to that of the generations preceding them and many now attend universities across China or follow their parent into roles within local government. 

 Heilongjiang Province, August 2017  Visiting university professors from Harbin take part in a fire ritual put on as a show by local Oroqen entrepreneurs. Interest in an ethnographically focused tourism industry and folk rituals are growing across contemporary China. 

Heilongjiang Province, August 2017

Visiting university professors from Harbin take part in a fire ritual put on as a show by local Oroqen entrepreneurs. Interest in an ethnographically focused tourism industry and folk rituals are growing across contemporary China. 

 “The Chinese like to 'make' culture, a kind of culture that is created instead of inherited."   Baiying, researcher, curator, artist, Beijing 2017

“The Chinese like to 'make' culture, a kind of culture that is created instead of inherited." 

Baiying, researcher, curator, artist, Beijing 2017

 Oroqen School, Heilongjiang Province, July 2017  At Oroqen schools, the curriculum attempts to counter a dwindling of the ethnic minority's language, working lessons in Oroqen into their students' weekly schedule. Online platforms are being developed to engage younger learners, however the language remains under threat of extinction. Oroqen children are a minority at the school, with only two of the children pictured having Oroqen lineage. 

Oroqen School, Heilongjiang Province, July 2017

At Oroqen schools, the curriculum attempts to counter a dwindling of the ethnic minority's language, working lessons in Oroqen into their students' weekly schedule. Online platforms are being developed to engage younger learners, however the language remains under threat of extinction. Oroqen children are a minority at the school, with only two of the children pictured having Oroqen lineage. 

 Lower Kingan Mountain Range, Heilongjiang Province, July 2017  Community leader Guan Jinfang leads visiting government representatives in a ritual praying for fortune from a newly constructed monument to shamanism. 

Lower Kingan Mountain Range, Heilongjiang Province, July 2017

Community leader Guan Jinfang leads visiting government representatives in a ritual praying for fortune from a newly constructed monument to shamanism. 

 Guan Peng, Baiyinnar, July 2017  The Oroqen are one of oldest ethnic minorities in Northeast China and have cultural and linguistic links to numerous ethnic minority groups spread across Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia and out to Siberia across the Russian border. As an anthropologist Guang Peng works to document the language and culture of his community in a rapidly changing world. 

Guan Peng, Baiyinnar, July 2017

The Oroqen are one of oldest ethnic minorities in Northeast China and have cultural and linguistic links to numerous ethnic minority groups spread across Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia and out to Siberia across the Russian border. As an anthropologist Guang Peng works to document the language and culture of his community in a rapidly changing world. 

 Tahe, Heilongjiang Province, July 2017  Guan Jinfang appeals to government representatives for funding and resources to carry out educational projects in the region. At this conference an online platform for Oroqen language learning was unveiled.

Tahe, Heilongjiang Province, July 2017

Guan Jinfang appeals to government representatives for funding and resources to carry out educational projects in the region. At this conference an online platform for Oroqen language learning was unveiled.

 Greater Khingan Mountain Range, Inner Mongolia, July 2017  Widespread investment has poured into the Inner Mongolian tourist industry in recent years, and folk culture has become a target for a burgeoning eco-tourism industry. 

Greater Khingan Mountain Range, Inner Mongolia, July 2017

Widespread investment has poured into the Inner Mongolian tourist industry in recent years, and folk culture has become a target for a burgeoning eco-tourism industry. 

 Greater Khingan Mountain Range, July 2017  The Ewenki are an ethnic minority with close links to the Oroqen who number around 30,000 within China, with greater number spreading out to the Siberian Taiga. A minority of the Ewenki maintain historic cultural links with reindeer herding, having chosen to remain in the forests whilst many have been settled by the state. 

Greater Khingan Mountain Range, July 2017

The Ewenki are an ethnic minority with close links to the Oroqen who number around 30,000 within China, with greater number spreading out to the Siberian Taiga. A minority of the Ewenki maintain historic cultural links with reindeer herding, having chosen to remain in the forests whilst many have been settled by the state. 

 "When I first slept in a house I awoke one night and thought I had died. When we were in the  djiu  I would be able to look up at the stars but under the roof all I could see was darkness."  Garulie, last of the Oroqen Shaman, 80, Baiyinnar 2017

"When I first slept in a house I awoke one night and thought I had died. When we were in the djiu I would be able to look up at the stars but under the roof all I could see was darkness."

Garulie, last of the Oroqen Shaman, 80, Baiyinnar 2017

 “Most of my friends go study in big cities.”  Mo Renjie, 21, Xin'e Township

“Most of my friends go study in big cities.”

Mo Renjie, 21, Xin'e Township

 Heilongjiang River, August 2017  Young Oroqen depart after lunch on a restaurant on the river. The Heilongjiang (or Amur in Russian) acts as the border between China and Siberia and historically Oroqen and many other ethnic groups moved between the two regions. 

Heilongjiang River, August 2017

Young Oroqen depart after lunch on a restaurant on the river. The Heilongjiang (or Amur in Russian) acts as the border between China and Siberia and historically Oroqen and many other ethnic groups moved between the two regions. 

 Tuohe Settlement, Inner Mongolia, August 2017 

Tuohe Settlement, Inner Mongolia, August 2017 

 "The definition of a language disappearing is not that no-one speaks it anymore, but rather the loss of people who speak it from childhood. When the last native speaker dies, the language goes with them."  Cong Shan, Linguist, Alihe, Inner Mongolia, 2017

"The definition of a language disappearing is not that no-one speaks it anymore, but rather the loss of people who speak it from childhood. When the last native speaker dies, the language goes with them."

Cong Shan, Linguist, Alihe, Inner Mongolia, 2017

 Alihe, Inner Mongolia, August 2017  Alihe Oroqen museum was rebuilt in recent years and contains an extensive and detailed physical record of Oroqen life. Attendance remains low however and the results of investment wait to be seen. 

Alihe, Inner Mongolia, August 2017

Alihe Oroqen museum was rebuilt in recent years and contains an extensive and detailed physical record of Oroqen life. Attendance remains low however and the results of investment wait to be seen. 

 Heilongjiang Province, July 2017 

Heilongjiang Province, July 2017 

 Xin'e Oroqen Settlement, August 2017  A crowd gathers to watch the annual Fire Festival in Xin'e, Heilongjiang Province. 
Oroqen.jpg
 Xin'e Oroqen Settlement, August 2017   Performers plucked from the local youth wait to perform at the annual Fire Festival. Whilst Xin'e is designated an Oroqen settlement, the ethnic diversity of the region is reflected in the backgrounds of the performers, many of whom are Oroqen, Ewenki or Mongolian or have one parent from the Han majority population following increasing levels of intermarriage throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. 
 "Sometimes I speak Oroqen with my son and my daughter. They understand, but can't speak it. They forgot the language, they go to school for knowledge."  Daqian, Tuohe, Inner Mongolia
 Xin'e Oroqen Settlement, August 2017   Oroqen youth and their friends from other ethnic groups – Mongolian, Han, Daur and Ewenki, eat together during a summer break. Life for these young people is dramatically different to that of the generations preceding them and many now attend universities across China or follow their parent into roles within local government. 
 Heilongjiang Province, August 2017  Visiting university professors from Harbin take part in a fire ritual put on as a show by local Oroqen entrepreneurs. Interest in an ethnographically focused tourism industry and folk rituals are growing across contemporary China. 
 “The Chinese like to 'make' culture, a kind of culture that is created instead of inherited."   Baiying, researcher, curator, artist, Beijing 2017
 Oroqen School, Heilongjiang Province, July 2017  At Oroqen schools, the curriculum attempts to counter a dwindling of the ethnic minority's language, working lessons in Oroqen into their students' weekly schedule. Online platforms are being developed to engage younger learners, however the language remains under threat of extinction. Oroqen children are a minority at the school, with only two of the children pictured having Oroqen lineage. 
 Lower Kingan Mountain Range, Heilongjiang Province, July 2017  Community leader Guan Jinfang leads visiting government representatives in a ritual praying for fortune from a newly constructed monument to shamanism. 
 Guan Peng, Baiyinnar, July 2017  The Oroqen are one of oldest ethnic minorities in Northeast China and have cultural and linguistic links to numerous ethnic minority groups spread across Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia and out to Siberia across the Russian border. As an anthropologist Guang Peng works to document the language and culture of his community in a rapidly changing world. 
 Tahe, Heilongjiang Province, July 2017  Guan Jinfang appeals to government representatives for funding and resources to carry out educational projects in the region. At this conference an online platform for Oroqen language learning was unveiled.
 Greater Khingan Mountain Range, Inner Mongolia, July 2017  Widespread investment has poured into the Inner Mongolian tourist industry in recent years, and folk culture has become a target for a burgeoning eco-tourism industry. 
 Greater Khingan Mountain Range, July 2017  The Ewenki are an ethnic minority with close links to the Oroqen who number around 30,000 within China, with greater number spreading out to the Siberian Taiga. A minority of the Ewenki maintain historic cultural links with reindeer herding, having chosen to remain in the forests whilst many have been settled by the state. 
 "When I first slept in a house I awoke one night and thought I had died. When we were in the  djiu  I would be able to look up at the stars but under the roof all I could see was darkness."  Garulie, last of the Oroqen Shaman, 80, Baiyinnar 2017
 “Most of my friends go study in big cities.”  Mo Renjie, 21, Xin'e Township
 Heilongjiang River, August 2017  Young Oroqen depart after lunch on a restaurant on the river. The Heilongjiang (or Amur in Russian) acts as the border between China and Siberia and historically Oroqen and many other ethnic groups moved between the two regions. 
 Tuohe Settlement, Inner Mongolia, August 2017 
 "The definition of a language disappearing is not that no-one speaks it anymore, but rather the loss of people who speak it from childhood. When the last native speaker dies, the language goes with them."  Cong Shan, Linguist, Alihe, Inner Mongolia, 2017
 Alihe, Inner Mongolia, August 2017  Alihe Oroqen museum was rebuilt in recent years and contains an extensive and detailed physical record of Oroqen life. Attendance remains low however and the results of investment wait to be seen. 
 Heilongjiang Province, July 2017 

Xin'e Oroqen Settlement, August 2017

A crowd gathers to watch the annual Fire Festival in Xin'e, Heilongjiang Province. 

Xin'e Oroqen Settlement, August 2017

Performers plucked from the local youth wait to perform at the annual Fire Festival. Whilst Xin'e is designated an Oroqen settlement, the ethnic diversity of the region is reflected in the backgrounds of the performers, many of whom are Oroqen, Ewenki or Mongolian or have one parent from the Han majority population following increasing levels of intermarriage throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. 

"Sometimes I speak Oroqen with my son and my daughter. They understand, but can't speak it. They forgot the language, they go to school for knowledge."

Daqian, Tuohe, Inner Mongolia

Xin'e Oroqen Settlement, August 2017 

Oroqen youth and their friends from other ethnic groups – Mongolian, Han, Daur and Ewenki, eat together during a summer break. Life for these young people is dramatically different to that of the generations preceding them and many now attend universities across China or follow their parent into roles within local government. 

Heilongjiang Province, August 2017

Visiting university professors from Harbin take part in a fire ritual put on as a show by local Oroqen entrepreneurs. Interest in an ethnographically focused tourism industry and folk rituals are growing across contemporary China. 

“The Chinese like to 'make' culture, a kind of culture that is created instead of inherited." 

Baiying, researcher, curator, artist, Beijing 2017

Oroqen School, Heilongjiang Province, July 2017

At Oroqen schools, the curriculum attempts to counter a dwindling of the ethnic minority's language, working lessons in Oroqen into their students' weekly schedule. Online platforms are being developed to engage younger learners, however the language remains under threat of extinction. Oroqen children are a minority at the school, with only two of the children pictured having Oroqen lineage. 

Lower Kingan Mountain Range, Heilongjiang Province, July 2017

Community leader Guan Jinfang leads visiting government representatives in a ritual praying for fortune from a newly constructed monument to shamanism. 

Guan Peng, Baiyinnar, July 2017

The Oroqen are one of oldest ethnic minorities in Northeast China and have cultural and linguistic links to numerous ethnic minority groups spread across Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia and out to Siberia across the Russian border. As an anthropologist Guang Peng works to document the language and culture of his community in a rapidly changing world. 

Tahe, Heilongjiang Province, July 2017

Guan Jinfang appeals to government representatives for funding and resources to carry out educational projects in the region. At this conference an online platform for Oroqen language learning was unveiled.

Greater Khingan Mountain Range, Inner Mongolia, July 2017

Widespread investment has poured into the Inner Mongolian tourist industry in recent years, and folk culture has become a target for a burgeoning eco-tourism industry. 

Greater Khingan Mountain Range, July 2017

The Ewenki are an ethnic minority with close links to the Oroqen who number around 30,000 within China, with greater number spreading out to the Siberian Taiga. A minority of the Ewenki maintain historic cultural links with reindeer herding, having chosen to remain in the forests whilst many have been settled by the state. 

"When I first slept in a house I awoke one night and thought I had died. When we were in the djiu I would be able to look up at the stars but under the roof all I could see was darkness."

Garulie, last of the Oroqen Shaman, 80, Baiyinnar 2017

“Most of my friends go study in big cities.”

Mo Renjie, 21, Xin'e Township

Heilongjiang River, August 2017

Young Oroqen depart after lunch on a restaurant on the river. The Heilongjiang (or Amur in Russian) acts as the border between China and Siberia and historically Oroqen and many other ethnic groups moved between the two regions. 

Tuohe Settlement, Inner Mongolia, August 2017 

"The definition of a language disappearing is not that no-one speaks it anymore, but rather the loss of people who speak it from childhood. When the last native speaker dies, the language goes with them."

Cong Shan, Linguist, Alihe, Inner Mongolia, 2017

Alihe, Inner Mongolia, August 2017

Alihe Oroqen museum was rebuilt in recent years and contains an extensive and detailed physical record of Oroqen life. Attendance remains low however and the results of investment wait to be seen. 

Heilongjiang Province, July 2017 

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